The history of modern Protestantism presented here is one of moving in any number of directions in search of the ideal form of Christian worship and livelihood. Five hundred years of struggling to find that elusive religious identity that both pleases God and satisfies humankind is no nearer the truth than it was back in 1517 when Luther nailed his 95 Theses of protest to the church door at Wittenburg. If the Protestant movement, in all its wide global appeal, is meant to be the face of modern Christendom, Ryrie would like us to seriously reconsider such an assumption. On matters of doctrine, unity, and practice, what started centuries ago as an overdue force to change the world for good, has become bogged down in the complexities of politics, sectarianism, cultism, corruption, war, heresy, and secularism, to name a few. The cause of Christ’s church here on earth, however, is not lost to these blights, given the incredible breakout it is experiencing in countries like South Korea, Philippines, Taiwan, and China. The secret behind this meteoric success is likely due to a return to the simplicity and hope found in the original gospel message, stripped of all its materialistic allure. These are protestant movements that have grown up under persecution and have emerged as popular rallying forces in remaking the culture to see the church as independent of the state. Undoubtedly, Protestantism has definitely figured big time in shaping the forces of modern capitalism, but that does not mean it is a unified body in effectively bringing God to the masses. That remains the exclusive property of the Holy Spirit as he guides this whole project to its ultimate conclusion.