As a prominent American journalist, Dawson undertook, over a decade ago, to research the Ukrainian Holocaust of 1941-43 out of a deep need to understand what a Jewish mother’s family had to endure as Nazi Germany attempted to destroy their people. The result is an unforgettably poignant book that both describes, in graphic detail, the incredible suffering of Slav and Jew at the hands of Himmler’s SS, and the enormity of the slaughter. On both counts, the insane scale of killing boggles the imagination. Any attempt, especially the Red Army’s show trials in Kharkov in late 1943, to judge the evildoers, fell well short of the mark in delivering an appropriate punishment. Nazidom unleashed the furies of hell on a land that was full of all it hated: Slavs, communists, Jews, gypsies, and the Red Army. Knowing full well that the war was beginning to turn against him Hitler switched to a strategy of mass destruction of foreign civilians in the hopes of intimidating the enemy. Death squads, gassing vans, concentration camps, looting, biological experimentation, starvation, torture, public hangings, and whipping were all part of the German murderous arsenal. So how does one deal with this kind of psychopathic behavior once the perpetrators are rounded up? Does the punishment ever fit such high crime and how can a society ever recover from its deep scarring? The answer lies in making the judgment very public and the memorials very large, lasting, and monumental.